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The Journal of English Language and Literature , Vol.58, No.4, 655 ~ 679, 2012
Doris Lessing`s Views on Evolution in The Sirian Experiments
민경숙 Kyung Sook Min
Doris Lessing, who considers science and technology as instruments of capitalism, deals with the theme of ``biological evolution`` in The Sirian Experiments, the third book in the Canopus in Argos: Archives series. One of her themes that repeats throughout is that of ``spiritual evolution,`` and in The Four-Gated City she even used ``biological evolution`` as its metaphor, This paper analyzes The Sirian Experiments using scientific knowledge such as the concept of ``biological evolution`` from Charles Darwin``s evolution theory and Edward O. Wilson``s sociobiology. Lessing concludes that while ``biological evolution`` not accompanied with ``spiritual evolution`` puts humans in existential problems and mental breakdown, the one in equilibrium with the other can bring social and political revolution. Lessing`s concept of ``spiritual evolution`` is basically a product of her holistic view and her own philosophical view that human evolution is a necessary process following the Universal Order, which shows that she is influenced by Sufism. The basic tenet in Sufi philosophy is to achieve equilibrium between the rational and non-rational modes of consciousness. Lessing incorporates her rational and irrational ideas into The Sirian Experiments to make a field for confluence where the biological, the sociological, and the spiritual thinking converge.
Key Words
도리스 레싱, 사회생물학, 생물학적 진화, 영적 진화, 수피즘 Doris Lessing, sociobiology, biological evolution, spiritual evolution, Sufism,영미문학, 문화연구, 비교문학, 비평이론, English and American Literature, cultural studies, comparative literature, critical theory
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