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The Journal of English Language and Literature , Vol.59, No.5, 689 ~ 713, 2013
A Study of Evolutionary Theory in Victorian Science Fiction: Interrogation into LIfe and Reactions to Darwin Theory
추재욱 Choo Jae Uk
There are not a few researches on Darwin`s social and cultural impact upon the Victorian novels such as Charles Dickens`s, George Eliot`s, and Thomas Hardy`s as the writers reflected Darwinian elements into the relationship between the fictional characters and into the social and economic development of the human community portrayed in the novels. However, there are few academic papers interrogating the specific scientific elements of Darwin theory which were projected in the Victorian science fiction. In this paper, therefore, Darwinian concepts of natural selection and Lyell`s geological influence upon Darwin`s theory would be explored which can be found in the novels like Frankenstein, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, and H. G. Wells` novellas. In the process of exploring the facts, moreover, we may recognize how the narrative in the stories made the matrix of stories associated with Darwin`s theory and how much strong the social and cultural responses of the Victorians to the theory were. Even though some people agreed to the idea that evolution involves progress, others believed that evolution would bring them to degeneration. Nevertheless, no one denies that everything is evolutionarily linked to each other because the theory has become strongly influential already. 50 at this moment we need to imagine how humans`` life can be free and independent from Darwinian mechanism.
Key Words
진화, 자연선택, 다윈, 역진화, 빅토리아 과학소설, Evolution, Natural Selection, Darwin, Degeneration, Victorian, Sceince Fiction,영미문학, 문화연구, 비교문학, 비평이론, English and American Literature, cultural studies, comparative literature, critical theory
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