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The Journal of English Language and Literature , Vol.59, No.5, 759 ~ 784, 2013
Bodies as the Nature-Culture-Borderland and Material Feminism:Ecopolitical Reading of Terry Tempest Williams` Refuge
신두호 Shin Doo Ho
Feminist scholars including ecofeminists tend to either dismiss the contemporary nature writer Terry Tempest Williams or forcibly attune her to their critical schemes, because they find it difficult to confine her works such as Refuge within their schemes. This difficulty largely arises from Williams` presumptive advocate for a special connection between women and nature through women`s bodies despite her apparent feminist causes both in her own life and her works. Williams` affirmation of women` s bodies and the women­ nature connection in Refuge, however, does not repeat a simple essentialist position; rather, she suggests women`s bodies and the women-nature connection as an ecopolitical space where women`s (toxic) bodies are results of cultural, social, and political activities. Williams` advocacy of materiality such as women`s bodies and physical nature and her positioning women`s bodies as an ecopolitical space are spontaneous results from her own life-long experience living intimately in the Utah desert land, transcending conceptual and ethical assertions of postmodern feminism and ecofeminism. Williams`s position becomes far more sensible and timely appropriate, considering that some science-minded postmodern feminists, whose trend is often called material feminism, have produced revealing facts in the late 2000s that vouch for Williams` affirming materiality of human bodies and nature and positioning women`s bodies-nature-culture connection as an ecopolitical space.
Key Words
테리 템페스트 윌리엄즈, 윌리엄즈의 피난처, 자연-여성 본질주의, 물성페미니즘, 생태정치공간, Terry Tempest Williamsms, Williams` Refuge, essentialism, material feminism, ecopolitical pace,영미문학, 문화연구, 비교문학, 비평이론, English and American Literature, cultural studies, comparative literature, critical theory
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