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The Journal of English Language and Literature , Vol.59, No.5, 785 ~ 810, 2013
Title
Resistance and Strategic Reconciliation: Focused on James Welch`s Winter in the Blood, & Gerald Vizenor`s Chancers
장정훈 Jang Jung Hoon
abstract
James Welch and Gerald Vizener reveal and reevaluate the history of exploitation to recover Native American voices and ways of life which have been silenced and marginalized in history. Their starting point of writing is the resistance to "the ruins" of white`s civilization. But they are obsessed by fear of racial annihilation simultaneously. So a resistance is not an end to them. As an extreme measure, they choose strategic reconciliation between Native American culture and white`s dominant culture to survive in the modem American society. James Welch`s Winter in the Blood, & Gerald Vizenor`s Chancers employ trickster discourses as "agonistic imagination," "aggressive liberation," and "a psychical cure." Their trickster discourse reconstructs and re-imagines the "real" causing the liberation of signifier "Indian" from the absolute fake of the white and American`s culture. Welch and Vizenor don`t think of traditionalism and assimilationism as the only way Native American can survive. That is, they should find ways to adapt and alter their tribal cultures and values to fit modem situations, while adopting a native paradigm. They assert that the tribal cultures and values may be altered and progressed by cultural exchanges, and the hybridization of different cultures.
Key Words
전략적 융화, 트릭스터, 잡종성, 제임스 웰치, 제럴드 비즈너, Strategic Reconciliation, Trickster, Hybridization, James Welch, Gerald Vizenor,영미문학, 문화연구, 비교문학, 비평이론, English and American Literature, cultural studies, comparative literature, critical theory
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