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The Journal of English Language and Literature , Vol.59, No.5, 811 ~ 836, 2013
Cyborg Citizenship in the Posthuman Age: William Gibson`s Neuromancer
이정희 Lee Chung Hee
This paper aims to suggest the cyborg citizenship and the futuristic prospects of posthuman subjectivity, focusing on the embodiment of posthumanist in William Gibson`s Neuromancer. It is important to suggest the ethics of citizenship, because humans are augmented by the prothesis increase and live in the cyborg society by the development of technoscience. Case shows his desire to attain the transcendence in cyberspace as a humanist ideal and with his contempt to the body as a cowboy in cyberspace. Case gradually recognizes mind/body as the inevitable complementary elements, while he acts as an agent of Wintermute`s plot to unify with Neuromancer. This novel describes the influential power of excessive global capitalist as the spector of imperialism and gives the voices to the Rastafarians left behind the system as the postcolonial Zionites. Case shows the process of attaining the cyborg citizenship, returning from the alienation and death on the matrix to the life of reality by the help of Rastafarians who emphasize on the physicality and humanity. In conclusion, cyborg citizenship should be always represented in the basis of the embodiment. Gibson suggest that posthuman should pursue the optimization in the position of embracing the differences, have the capacity to live between the borders, and get out of holism, totality and dualism. Gibson emphasizes that posthuman should pursue the enhancement, extension and enlargement of existence through the correlations with mind/body and machine/human, and recognize the body as the essential rudimentary element for human survival.
Key Words
윌리엄 깁슨, 뉴로맨서, 포스트휴먼, 사이보그 시민의식, 래스터패리언, William Gibson, Neuromancer, Posthuman, cyborg citizenship, Rastafarian,영미문학, 문화연구, 비교문학, 비평이론, English and American Literature, cultural studies, comparative literature, critical theory
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