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The Journal of English Language and Literature , Vol.60, No.1, 145 ~ 168, 2014
“Fossilizing What is a Continuous Flux”:The Appropriation of Science in The French Lieutenant`s Woman
Jung Pil Park
Presupposing a postmodern tinge, Fowles`s The French Lieutenant`s Woman revisits the scientific milieu of the Victorian period, and displays complicated approaches to it, criticizing and reappropriating them in parallel fashion. Fowles, first of all, highlights science`s defects in the ontological and epistemological dimensions including solidification, paranoiac omniscience, exploitation, and the transgression of unintelligibility. The fossilization that science affords constrains dynamic momentum, multiple potentials, and fictive narratives. The ambition of science to project its intelligibility on every subject around it develops its subtle maneuvers to formulate and contain all objects. Scientific epistemology encroaches on the singular domain of inarticulateness, causing the confrontation between scientific categorization and indeterminate indecipherability, which is materialized through two different visions of protagonists Charles and Sarah: the one inquisitive, definitive, or possessive; the other filled with unintelligibility. However, Fowles does not ignore the positive traits of science. Darwinism, despite its residual conservatism, nurtures such revolutionary motifs as can destabilize other established principles and structures. The deliberate and collected rhythm derived from the methodicality of the scientific procedures reduces the bewildering rapidity of contemporary lifestyles. The universality that the vast majority of Victorian scientists treasured can supersede the unresponsive overspecialization and incommunicability of postmodern science.
Key Words
science, Darwinism, fossilization, unintelligibility, appropriation of science,영미문학, 문화연구, 비교문학, 비평이론, English and American Literature, cultural studies, comparative literature, critical theory
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